Similipal Tiger Reserve

District: Mayurbhanj
Geographical Extent: Longitude 86° 03'E and 86° 35'E & Latitude 21° 14'N and 22° 20'N
Climate: Mesmerizing monsoon,chilling winter and pleasant summer characterize the climate of Similipal landscape.

The entire area of Similipal Tiger Reserve, which is a compact block of elevated plateau located in central portion of the Mayurbhanj district. Similipal, “the Queen of forests of Orissa”, is a densely forested hill range spread over 2750 in the heart of the Mayurbhanj . A true representative of Mahanadian biogeographical region, Similipal is not only a compact mass of forested hills, valleys, perennial streams and picturesque waterfalls but also a bewildering panorama of many hundreds of millions of trees, climbers, orchids, ferns, mosses, fungi, animals, birds, microorganisms . It is more than a worldly endeavor, as it represents the heartthrob and emotions of the people of Mayurbhanj. It has the appeal of a religious sanctity, a coherent bond of cultural assimilation and perennial source of livelihood for many tribal groups.


The Landscape support more than 1352 plant species with 94 species of orchids of which 3 species of orchids are endemic to simlipal. Majority of the area are under thick forest cover. The semi-evergreen and moist deciduous vegetation along the perennial water points form the reparian zones. The following vegetation types are found in Similipal Tiger Reserve. A) On Stream Beds: Salix terasperma, Trewia nudiflora, Macaranga peltata, Aphanamixis polystachya, Symplocos laurina, Glochidion spp., Bischofia javanica, Syzygium cumini, Pongamia pinnata, Diospyros peregrina, Saraca indica and at places Terminalia arjuna. B) A little Higher up in Damp Areas: Bombax ceiba, Alstonia scholaris, Ficus spp., Polyalthia cerasioides, Anthocephalus cadamba, Dillenia pentagyna, Litsea spp., and Citrus spp. are met with.The meadows although in small pockets,harbours majority of the herbivore population.


There are 55 species of mammals, 361 species of birds, 62 species of reptiles, 21 species of amphibians, with many species of insects and microfauna present in this unique habitat. The primary heterotrophs among the mammals are represented by Sambar (Cervus unicolor), Elephant (Elephas indicus), Gaur (Bos gaurus), Cheetal (Axis axis), Common langur (Presbytis entellus), Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulata), Porcupine (Hystrix indica), Malabar giant squirrel (Ratufa indica), Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata), Rufus tailed hare (Lepus nigricollis ruficaudatus) etc. Among the secondary heterotroughs are Tiger (Panthera tigris), Leopard (Panthera pardus), Leopard cat (Felis bengalensis) etc. some common birds are Peafowl (Pavo cristatus), Painted spur fowl (Galloperdix lunulata), Black patridge (Francolinus frankolinus), Shahin falcon (Falco perigrinus perigrinator), Malabar pied hornbill (Anthracoceros coronatus), Grey hornbill(Ocyceros birostris), Hill myna (Gracula religiosa), Golden oriole(Oriolus oriolus), Common snipe(Gallinago gallinago), Red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus), Crested serpent eagle, Crow pheasant, Doves, Parakeets, Pigeons, Sun birds.

Administrative set-up (Range, Section, beats): Ranges- 20, Sections- 52,Beats- 167
EDC/JFM set-up: EDCs - 0, VSS - 0
Management set-up (RF/PRF/DPF/UDPF/VFs): No. of RF- 0, No. of PRF- 0, No. of DPF- 0, No. of UDPF- 0, No. of VF- 0
Major Attraction
  • Joranda Falls - This is the most picturesque waterfall in the Simlipal Tiger Reserve area to serve the visitors as a breathtaking attraction.
  • Barheipani Falls - This mesmorizing waterfall is the origin of Bhudhabalanga River.
  • Trekking - The forest which is decked with undulating hilly terrains offer all grades of trekking challenges to the adventurous tourists.
  • Natural walks, hiking and rough trekking are the other attractions in this park to enjoy the natural splendors, the exquisite ambience and breathtaking landscapes.
  • Simlipal is the ideal location to learn and enjoy the life and culture of different tribal group of Odisha.
  • Ramatirtha-Interpretatoin centre,mugger crocodile research center,astral garden,picnic on the Bank of river Khairi attaract thousands of foot falls of visitore through-out the year.
  • The vintage building at Chahala,the then hunting rest-house of Royal family of Mayurbhanj State during their reign;now surrounded by greenery meadow with herds of Cheetal and sambar creates immense pleasure for visitors.
  • Tourists have ample scope for having the ethnic foods provided by tribal self help group in different location.
Salient Detail
HQ Address: Similipal Tiger Reserve,Bhanjpur, Baripada-757002 At-Mayurbhanj district, Odisha
Contact officer: Range Officer, National Park Range, Jashipur
Key activities: Conservation of tigers,co-predators and their prey along with the critical wildlife habitat
Programmes: Wildlife protection,scientific estimation of wildlife,habitat improvement,restoration of critical tiger habitat,ecotourism,research and monitoring of different landscape components.
Places to see: Joranda Fall,Barheipani Fall,Uski Fall,Ramtirtha,Devkund.

Similipal Wildlife Division

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